Future of automotive industry: share of global sales of cars using alternative technologies could reach 89%
Share of global sales of cars using alternative technologies could reach 89%
One of the important issues in the automotive industry is to reduce emissions to the environment. The total share of transport in mass emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere varies from 35 to 60%, the share of vehicles in urban air pollution can reach 70-90%, which, in turn, leads to a significant excess of sanitary and hygienic standards for air pollution.
Already today there are pilot projects and technologies that can reduce the consumption of gasoline and diesel fuel by 30%, and emissions - by 80%. This is achieved by using pulsed microwaves to ignite fuel, rather than plugs.
The continuous development of technologies in all spheres of life and the digitalization of many processes orient vehicle manufacturers to create highly intelligent machines.
“The main trend nowadays is the transition of manufacturers to electric vehicles (EV – author’s note) and hybrids. According to the most optimistic estimates, the share of global sales of machines using alternative technologies could reach 89%”, Vice-Minister of Industry and Infrastructure Development of Kazakhstan Amaniyaz Yerzhanov, said in his speech.
For reference: in the first four months of this year, only five EV were registered in Kazakhstan. In 2018, for the same period, our citizens purchased 22 vehicles with electric traction.
EAEU Governments and business communities should stimulate the use of EV
According to Alexander Subbotin, member of the Board (Minister) for Industry and AIC of the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC), the automotive industry, as one of the most capital-intensive engineering industries, is included in the list of priority industries, including industrial sectors.
“We welcome the practical steps of the Governments and business communities of the Eurasian Economic Union member states to implement the plan on stimulation of production and use of electric vehicles for 2018-2020”, he said at the Astana Economic Forum within the framework of the panel session “Innovation - the future of the EEU automotive industry”.
At the state level, all initiatives to develop the appropriate charging infrastructures for electric vehicles are supported. In particular, Belarus has adopted a program for the development of a charging network, according to which, 431 electro-filling stations should be built by 2020 in addition to the 45 existing in the country.
In Kazakhstan, an assembly production of JAC electric vehicles is already operating jointly with Chinese partners.
In Russia, besides the already adopted legal acts on the “legalization” of electric vehicles, the Government has submitted for approval a coordinated interdepartmental draft schedule for the implementation of the Action Plan approved by the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council last November to ensure the promotion of production and use of electric vehicles in the EAEU countries for 2018 - 2020.
The Commission also discusses a draft list of components for electric vehicles not produced in the countries of the Union in order to reduce customs duties. Based on the proposals of such manufacturers as KAMAZ, the GAZ group, the Renault group, Ruselectronics (Russian electronics – author’s note), a preliminary list of the necessary products has been prepared. It includes electric motors, limiters and surge suppressors, liquid cooling systems for electric motors, charge control systems and others.
“We have already prepared a preliminary list. It has more than 15 items. Now we need to understand as far as the business needs various components. Therefore, we’re inviting all interested businesses to join the process and send us their proposals through the authorized bodies of their countries”, Alexander Subbotin said.
The EEC Minister paid special attention to the use of unmanned technology and the results of the implementation of services based on the Connectivity - the creation of so-called “connected” cars.
“The Commission needs to develop regulatory support of these innovations. It is important that representatives of the Governments and business work together, solving the difficult tasks that reality sets before us”, Alexander Subbotin concluded.
Benefits for EV’s owners
Dina Akpanbayeva, Deputy Director of the EEC Industrial Policy Department, also paid special attention to the need to stimulate consumer demand for electric cars.
Thus, it is necessary to accelerate the implementation of measures for EV’s owners, as provided for by the regulatory legal acts of the EAEU, into the national legislation of the member states. Including such as the abolition of payment of transport tax and utilization fee, free use of parking spaces, equipped with chargers, free travel on toll roads.
“Realizing the difficulties that exist in the way of stable and progressive growth of the electric vehicle market, we are actively looking for opportunities to solve them promptly, using the resources of the Union. For example, in Belarus and Russia, companies are developing that are ready to provide networks of electric filling stations, which in the future should quickly resolve the problem of the lack of public gas stations for electric transport. At the same time, an innovative approach is used, and fast stations are installed along with slow stations - volboxes. I think in the near future superfast stations will appear on the main lines in our EAEU”, Dina Akpanbayeva summarized.